Having too much water in your yard can lead to water in your basement, and this is never a good thing. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to prevent standing water in your yard and water in your basement. To learn which steps are right for your home, talk to a contractor. He may recommend installing one or more of the following drainage systems.
A retaining wall is a wall built with bricks or blocks in a yard. Retaining walls serve several purposes, and one of the key purposes is to keep water away from a home. When you install a retaining wall, you are building a natural drainage system because these walls operate with gravity.
A retaining wall will separate two areas of a yard. The area closest to your house will be higher than the area on the other side of the wall. Because of this, water will naturally drain away from your house.
When a contractor installs a retaining wall, he will typically install a piping system too. The pipes on the high ground will be perforated pipes and these will collect rain water that lands near your house. These pipes will transfer this water downwards and past the retaining wall.
While retaining walls can help somewhat with water drainage problems, the contractor is also likely to examine your existing gutter system. If your gutters are not operating properly, they might be a contributing factor to your water problem. To ensure that your gutters are doing their job, the contractor will make sure that they are:
- Clean – When gutters get full of leaves, they do not drain properly. When this happens, rain water will land around the exterior of your home and may seep into your basement.
- In good condition – Broken or disconnected gutters can also lead to problems, and these will all need to be fixed in order to help stop the water problems.
- Connected to a down spout and pipe – Finally, the contractor must make sure that the downspouts are all working and that they are attached to pipes that carry water away from the home.
If your gutter system is in good working condition, your water problems may simply be due to the elevation of your house. If the elevation is low, the contractor might suggest installing a French drain system.
French drains can be located outside of your home or inside your basement. Installing one in your basement may be more work, but it offers more protection than an exterior drain system. Installing either type of French drain requires:
- Digging a trench
- Filling it with perforated piping
- Attach drainage pipes to the perforated piping
- Covering it with gravel
- Filling in the hole
The goal of this is to collect water and force it away from a home. This is possible because water will land in the perforated pipe. Once it is there, it must rely on gravity to determine where it will go. This is why contractors must carefully plan out the elevation of the pipe used in the system. The pipes must travel downwards away from the house in order for this type of drainage system to function properly.
When you have a French drain inside your basement, all of the water that comes near the basement will immediately land in the system. In most cases, homes will never experience water damage if they have indoor French drains.
To learn more about ways to waterproof your home, visit this page or talk to a contractor that offers French drain systems. This contractor may be able to suggest some of these options or others.